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    Heart Disease, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

     

    Most people consider heart attack is the only heart disease but do you know it can consist many of others too such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. Let's find out what are the symptoms of these other heart diseases:

     

    #1. Clogged Arteries

    A buildup of plaque (fat and cholesterol) can narrow your heart's arteries, this makes hard to pass the blood and may result as a heart attack. 

    Symptoms

    Frequent chest pain called angina.

     

    #2. Heart Attack

    When plaque completely blocks your artery, a heart attack occurs. 

    Symptoms

    • Pain in the chest.
    • Discomfort to the back, jaw, throat, or arm.
    • Nausea, indigestion, or heartburn.
    • Weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath.
    • Fast or irregular heartbeats


    #3. Arrhythmia

    Irregular Heart Beat is called Arrhythmia, often harmless but can cause you serious trouble.

    #4. Cardiomyopathy


    It is a Heart Muscle Disease which makes it hard to pump and carry blood to the rest of your body. High blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes can cause Cardiomyopathy and finally heart failure.

    Heart Failure

    Most people think it as the heart is stopped and do not working but the reality is the organ can't pump enough blood to meet your body's needs. In most cases, coronary artery disease and heart attacks are the causes.

    Congenital Heart Defect

    You can have a damaged wall separating your heart chambers since your birth and require medicines or surgery as a treatment. 

    Sudden Cardiac Death

    It is not a heart attack but making the heartbeat irregularly and dangerously fast. CPR and defibrillator can help.

    Electrocardiogram (EKG) 

    Electrocardiograms can tell if you have a regular heartbeat or heart attack.

    Stress Test

    To measure how well your heart works this test is performed. A treadmill or ride a stationary bike is used. EKG, heart rate, and blood pressure are checked to see if the organ gets enough blood.

    Holter Monitor

    This device records the rhythm of your heart and tracks the electrical activity nonstop.

    Chest X-rays

    Doctors use them to spot signs of trouble. 

    Echocardiogram

    Echocardiogram uses sound waves to show live, moving images of your heart and can spot damage or problems with your chambers, valves, or blood flow. 

    Cardiac CT (Computerized Tomography)

    This takes detailed X-rays of your heart and its blood vessels with a 3-D picture. to check if there is any plaque or calcium in your coronary arteries.

    Cardiac Catheterization

    A narrow tube, called a catheter, is inserted into your body then injects dye into each coronary artery, to show any blockages and how bad they are.

    Treatment

    Medicines

    Use prescription drugs to lower blood pressure, heart rate, or cholesterol levels, control irregular rhythms or prevent clots.

    Angioplasty

    It opens a blocked artery and improves blood flow Angioplasty is performed. A thin catheter with a balloon on the end is inserted into your artery. After reaching to the blockage, the doctor fills the balloon with air. This procedure inflates your artery and allows blood to move freely. A small mesh tube called a "stent" may also put in to keep it open.

    Bypass Surgery

    If more then one arteries are blocked or too narrow then Bypass Surgery is performed. Firstly, a blood vessel is removed from an area of your body and then attaches it to a healthy artery in your heart. In this surgery, Your blood is guided around the problem area and that is why it is called bypass surgery.

    What you can do to prevent  it

    1). Exercise regularly.
    2). Maintain your body weight.
    3). Take a balanced diet.
    4). Limit alcohol you drink.
    5). Don't smoke.
    6). Manage your blood sugar (For diabetic).

     

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